Que es cuadro de costumbres

Que es cuadro de costumbres

Que es cuadro de costumbres

Example of a tableau de manners

The “cuadro de costumbres” is a sub-genre of costumbrismo or costumbrista literature in which popular types and attitudes, behaviors, values and habits common to a profession, region or class are described through the description, often satirical or nostalgic, sometimes with a brief narrative pretext, of the environments, customs, clothing, parties, entertainment, traditions, trades and representative types of a society.

Nowadays, the pictures of customs are of great importance for Sociology and as a historical source, and their procedures and techniques were assimilated by the later aesthetics of Realism and Naturalism. Mesonero Romanos defined the tableau de costumes as philosophical or festive and satirical painting of popular customs. It developed especially during Romanticism, when the Industrial Revolution foreshadowed that a series of rural values and traditions could be lost with the excessive development of urban capitalism and the massive exodus from the countryside to the city. It also served to describe with nineteenth-century Realism the spirit of the new and buoyant social class, the bourgeoisie, which conquered power in the nineteenth century. However, we already find costumbrista outlines in the 17th century mixed with a presumed morality in Juan de Zabaleta, or in numerous theatrical entremeses of the same period. And even earlier costumbrista notes can be found in the work of the Archpriest of Talavera and other authors.

Articles of customs

Customs paintings are short sketches in which customs, uses, habits, characteristic or representative types of the society, landscape, amusements and even animals are painted, sometimes with the intention of amusing (pleasant paintings) and others with a marked intention of social criticism and to indicate reforms with a moralizing dimension.

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The following are characteristics of costumbrismo paintings: strong localism in their types and language, local color, emphasis on the picturesque and representative approach, popularism, satire and social criticism with the intention of reform, infiltration of the political-social theme, almost photographic reproduction of reality with sometimes very crude scenes and rough and even coarse vocabulary, colorfulness, plasticity.

Costumbrismo is the starting point for the realism and naturalism that would come later. The genre painting was born inextricably linked to journalism, perhaps because of its popular character and its desire to highlight contemporary customs.

The periodical press of the 18th century was not only a means of current information, but also a means of cultural and ideological dissemination that allowed the diffusion of scientific, philosophical, literary and technical creations.

Wikipedia

Between 1858 and 1872, a group of scholars who met at El Mosaico processed the materials collected by the geographic expedition that had taken place between 1851 and 1859 under the direction of the Italian geographer Agustín Codazzi and elaborated a vision of the nation as a country of regions. This vision was conveyed through the cuadro de costumbres. At the same time, José María Vergara y Vergara, co-founder of the tertulia, wrote the first history of the literature of New Granada, from which he elaborated a re-evaluation of the Hispanic colonial past. Both the regional vision of costumbrismo and the Hispano-Catholic vision that Vergara y Vergara cemented were fundamental elements in the national unification that was consolidated under the conservative ideology after 1880.

Sánchez Cabra, Efraín (1991): “Ramón Torres Méndez y la pintura de tipos y costumbres”, Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico, vol. XXVIII, no. 28. Online document: http://www.lablaa.org/blaavirtual/publicacionesbanrep/boletin/boleti5/bol28/ramon.htm.

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Genre painting

Customs paintings are short sketches in which customs, uses, habits, characteristic or representative types of society, landscapes, amusements and even animals are painted, sometimes with the intention of amusing (pleasant paintings) and other times with a marked intention of social criticism and to indicate reforms with a moralizing dimension.

The following are characteristics of costumbrismo paintings: strong localism in their types and language, local color, emphasis on the picturesque and representative approach, popularism, satire and social criticism with the intention of reform, infiltration of the political-social theme, almost photographic reproduction of reality with sometimes very crude scenes and rough and even coarse vocabulary, colorfulness, plasticity.

Costumbrismo is the starting point for the realism and naturalism that would come later. The genre painting was born inextricably linked to journalism, perhaps because of its popular character and its desire to highlight contemporary customs.

The periodical press of the 18th century was not only a means of current information, but also a means of cultural and ideological dissemination that allowed the diffusion of scientific, philosophical, literary and technical creations.

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